What is periodontal disease?
It is a disease of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It starts as gingivitis which is an inflammation of the gums where they become red, swollen and bleed easily when brushed.
Most of the population suffer from this some or all of the time but a proportion will go on to develop periodontal disease proper.
Periodontal disease is diagnosed when the bony support tissues start to be destroyed, by this we mean the bone that holds the teeth in the jaws.
This can be a slow process which may accelerate from time to time. The disease progresses painlessly until the tooth becomes loose or an abscess starts to develop.
More teeth are lost to periodontal disease in adults than to decay.
How do I know if I have got it?
It is important to get checked out by a dentist who can tell you if you have it and how far advanced it is.
Periodontal Services at W7
The aim of treatment is to stop the progression of the disease, to regain some of the lost tooth attachment and to firm up the teeth and prevent their loss.
Typically this will involve examination and treatment planning, detailed assessment of oral hygiene needs and deep cleaning of periodontal pockets.
Reassessment of the disease status following this initial phase of treatment will result in further localised treatment and on some occasions surgery.
Crown lengthening isa simple surgical procedure which adjusts the position of the gum around the tooth, thereby providing a more solid tooth on which to anchor the restoration of choice.
A functional crown lengthening will help you regain a beautiful smile and allow you to eat and speak with comfort and confidence. Crown lengtheningis available to prepare a tooth for restorative dentistry or to cosmetically enhance your smile.
The ultimate success of any dental restoration is dependant upon the amount of natural remaining tooth structure. Crown lengthening is a surgical procedure that adjusts the gum and bone level to expose more of the tooth so it can be restored.
As with any dental treatment the team will ensure patient comfort through our advanced techniques.
Enhanced Scaling & Root planing.
This is a deep-cleaning, nonsurgical procedure, done under a dental anesthetic, whereby plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling) and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth (planing).
Smoothing the rough spots removes bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth. Scaling and root planing is done if our Specialist Periodontal team determines that you have plaque and calculus (hardened plaque, also called tartar) under the gums that needs to be removed.
Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery.
During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the tarter is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide.
The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This method reduces the size of the space between the gum and tooth, thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow and decreasing the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.